The Rulebook on Preventive Measures for Safe and Healthy Work to Prevent the Occurrence and Spread of the Infectious Disease Epidemic (“the Rulebook”) has been adopted and it will enter into force on July 11th 2020.
The employers are obliged to adopt the measures implementation plan within 30 days from the day of the Rulebook’s entering into force – the said plan should be an integral part of the risk assessment plan which is adopted in accordance with health and safety at work regulations. The obligatory elements of the measures implementation plan are:
- The preventive measures and activities for prevention of the occurrence of the infectious disease epidemic – the employer shall provide written instructions on measures and actions for prevention of the occurrence of the infectious disease epidemic containing the information on symptoms of the infectious disease, implement enhanced hygiene and disinfection of work and auxiliary premises and regulate the manner of keeping records on such disinfection, reschedule working hours if possible by introducing shifts with fewer number of employees and fulfill other obligations prescribed by the Rulebook;
- Responsibility for the implementation and control of the implementation of preventive measures and activities – The employer shall determine the obligations and responsibilities in respect of monitoring and control in the measures implementation plan. Person in charge for health and safety at work with the employer performs the check of the effectiveness of the implementation of safety and health measures of employees at work;
- Measures and activities for action in case of occurrence of an infectious disease epidemic – Additional obligations for the employer are prescribed in case of occurrence of the infectious disease among employees, such as: directions of the employees’ movement within the premises shall be precisely defined and procedures of entrance to and exit from the premises of the employer are to be respected; prescribed means and equipment for personal protection at work and other protection measures during the work process are used.
The Rulebook also stipulates obligations of the employees in regard to preventing the occurrence and spread of the infectious disease epidemic, such as the obligation of the employee to inform the employer if he/she suspects having the symptoms of the infectious disease, or if he/she suspects that members of his family or other employees have such symptoms.
By Jelena Nikolic, Partner, and Andrea Cvetanovic, Senior Associate, JPM Jankovic Popovic Mitic